Difference between revisions of "As"

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==Correlator==
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==Co-relator==
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===Equivalence===
 
===Equivalence===
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:as <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADJ</span> as =  ''aussi <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADJ</span> que''
 
:as <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADJ</span> as =  ''aussi <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADJ</span> que''
 
:as <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADV</span> as = ''aussi <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADV</span> que''
 
:as <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADV</span> as = ''aussi <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADV</span> que''
:as many <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span>s as = ''autant de <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;;">N</span> que''
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:as many <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span><span style="font-size:60%;color:#888;">s</span> as = ''autant de <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;;">N</span><span style="font-size:60%;color:#888;">s</span> que''
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:as few <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span><span style="font-size:60%;color:#888;">s</span> as = ''aussi peu de <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;;">N</span><span style="font-size:60%;color:#888;">s</span> que''
 
:as much <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span> as = ''autant de <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span> que''
 
:as much <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span> as = ''autant de <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span> que''
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:as little <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span> as = ''aussi peu de <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">N</span> que''
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The first correlator can be replaced with ''[[so]]'', though this is very marked (and rare).
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:just as <span style="color:#042;font-size:90%;font-weight:bold;">ADJ</span> as.  ("But elder brother was <span style="color:#204; font-weight:bold;">''just as''</span> late <span style="font-size:72%;">(last night)</span> <span style="color:#204; font-weight:bold;">''as''</span> I was <span style="font-size:72%;">(tonight)</span>, and you hardly said a word to him.") 
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::Will shopping malls be just as packed as ever?
  
*The first correlator can be replaced with ''[[so]]'', though this is very marked (and rare).
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===Rules===
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*'''as''' is not followed immediately by <span style="color:#063;font-size:80%;font-variant:small-caps;">comparatives</span> (e.g. older, more involved, etc.)  because "as" is used in <span style="color:#604;font-size:80%;font-variant:small-caps;">comparisons of</span> <span style="color:#999;font-size:56%;font-variant:small-caps">(non-)</span><span style="color:#604;font-size:80%;font-variant:small-caps;">equivalence</span><br /> whereas <span style="color:#063;font-size:80%;font-variant:small-caps;">comparatives</span> are used in <span style="color:#604;font-size:80%;font-variant:small-caps;">comparisons of superiority/inferiority</span> with [[than]].
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*'''as''' is not generally used with <span style="color:#063;font-size:80%;font-variant:small-caps;">superlatives</span>.  The single exception I know is "best" (see [[#Expressions|expressions]] below).
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===Non-equivalence / proportion===
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:That's ''not as funny as'' when...
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:We could do with half as many <abbr title="(disruptive) jokes">wisecracks</abbr>.
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:half as much effort (see contexts: [https://www.google.com/search?&q=&#34;half+as+much+effort&#34;])
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:twice as many people
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:twice as much traffic
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:three times as many stalled tractors as last time
  
 
==Reason==
 
==Reason==
:'''As''' I was on call anyway, I decided to go in to work. --> ''Puisque/Comme j'étais d'astreinte de toutes façons, j'ai décidé d'aller bosser.''
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:'''As''' I was on call anyway, I decided to go in to work. --> Comme j'étais d'astreinte de toutes façons, j'ai décidé d'aller bosser.''
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:'''inasmuch as''': ''dans la mésure où, étant donné que, ... ''
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:'''insofar as''': ''dans la mésure où, pour autant que, dès lors que... ''
  
 
==Marker of simultaneity==
 
==Marker of simultaneity==
:'''As''' I was parking, I realized I had forgotten my cellphone. ''En me garant, je me suis rendu compte que j'avais oublié mon portable.''
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:'''As''' I was parking, I realized I had forgotten my mask. ''En me garant, je me suis rendu compte que j'avais oublié une masque.''
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==Expressions==
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:'''as far as [X] goes, ...''' -- ''Quant à [X], ...''
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:'''as far as I know''' -- ''pour autant que je sache'', ''à ma connaissance''
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:'''as far as I can tell''' -- ''d'après ce que je comprends/vois''
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:'''as best <span style="color:#777;">(as)</span> I can tell''' -- ''d'après ce que je comprends/vois'' <span style="font-size:75%;">("<s>as well as I can tell</s>" would follow grammar rules better, but real word use and grammatical consistency are two different things. :D )</span>
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:'''as far as I'm concerned''' -- ''Quant à moi''
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:'''as you (wish / like)''' -- ''comme tu veux''
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:'''as you see fit''' -- ''comme tu le sens''
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:'''as much as I would like to...  '''
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:'''as for''': --  ''quant à''
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:'''try as I might, I couldn't [X]''' -- ''J'ai beau essayer, mais je n'arrivais pas à [X].''
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:'''as soon as possible''' -- yesterday, usually.  :)
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[[Category: 100-en]]
 
[[Category: 100-en]]

Latest revision as of 15:51, 1 November 2020

Co-relator

Equivalence

as ADJ as = aussi ADJ que
as ADV as = aussi ADV que
as many Ns as = autant de Ns que
as few Ns as = aussi peu de Ns que
as much N as = autant de N que
as little N as = aussi peu de N que

The first correlator can be replaced with so, though this is very marked (and rare).

just as ADJ as. ("But elder brother was just as late (last night) as I was (tonight), and you hardly said a word to him.")
Will shopping malls be just as packed as ever?

Rules

  • as is not followed immediately by comparatives (e.g. older, more involved, etc.) because "as" is used in comparisons of (non-)equivalence
    whereas comparatives are used in comparisons of superiority/inferiority with than.
  • as is not generally used with superlatives. The single exception I know is "best" (see expressions below).

Non-equivalence / proportion

That's not as funny as when...
We could do with half as many wisecracks.
half as much effort (see contexts: [1])
twice as many people
twice as much traffic
three times as many stalled tractors as last time

Reason

As I was on call anyway, I decided to go in to work. --> Comme j'étais d'astreinte de toutes façons, j'ai décidé d'aller bosser.
inasmuch as: dans la mésure où, étant donné que, ...
insofar as: dans la mésure où, pour autant que, dès lors que...

Marker of simultaneity

As I was parking, I realized I had forgotten my mask. En me garant, je me suis rendu compte que j'avais oublié une masque.

Expressions

as far as [X] goes, ... -- Quant à [X], ...
as far as I know -- pour autant que je sache, à ma connaissance
as far as I can tell -- d'après ce que je comprends/vois
as best (as) I can tell -- d'après ce que je comprends/vois ("as well as I can tell" would follow grammar rules better, but real word use and grammatical consistency are two different things. :D )
as far as I'm concerned -- Quant à moi
as you (wish / like) -- comme tu veux
as you see fit -- comme tu le sens
as much as I would like to...
as for: -- quant à
try as I might, I couldn't [X] -- J'ai beau essayer, mais je n'arrivais pas à [X].
as soon as possible -- yesterday, usually.  :)