Use

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brouillon

Verb

morphology

  • regular verb in the present and the past, as a clitic (used-to-V), the past tense marker -d is pronounced "t" by assimilation.

clitic /ju:stə/

  • ju:stə V
  • dɪdntju:stə V

semantics

used to V is translated with the imperfect in French. It is a nostalgic tense marker, it recalls the way things once were.

  • When I was a kid, I used to ride my bike every day.
  • We used to live in Bourg.
  • I used to know him well, but it's been a long time since I've seen him.
  • I used to believe in Santa Claus when I was a kid.

It can precede both state verbs (know, think) and action verbs (run, walk) -- unlike "would", which implies a series of events, not states:
(* = incorrect)

  • When I was a kid, I would ride my bike every day.
  • *We would live in Bourg. (future in the past = OK, but nostalgic imperfect = njet)
  • *I would know him well, but it's been a long time since I've seen him. (concession = OK, but nostalgic imperfect = njet)
  • *I would believe in Santa Claus, when I was a kid.

used to V-ing. This structure is governed explicitly or implicitly by the light verbs "be" or "get". "Be" is essentially a linking verb (subject - link - predicate), as is "get", though "get" implies that the subject is effected by the predicate.

  • When I came to France, I had to get used to eating cheese.
  • I'm getting used to working late.
  • I'm not used to going to bed so early.
  • They'll have to get used to bringing their lunch.

lexical verb

utilise. employ. make use of.

past participle --> adjective

used is an adjective meaning "second-hand". (d'occasion)

  • used car
  • used books
  • used Kleenex

Noun

use (n.): utilisation<i>

derived agent: -er

user (n.) <i>utilisateur


derived adjectival noun

  • use value
  • fair use value
  • user name
  • user-defined