- regular verb in the present and the past, as a clitic (used-to-V), the past tense marker -d is pronounced "t" by assimilation.
- ju:stə V
- dɪdntju:stə V
used to V is translated with the imperfect in French. It is a nostalgic tense marker, it recalls the way things once were.
- When I was a kid, I used to ride my bike every day.
- We used to live in Bourg.
- I used to know him well, but it's been a long time since I've seen him.
- I used to believe in Santa Claus when I was a kid.
It can precede both state verbs (know, think) and action verbs (run, walk) -- unlike "would", which implies a series of events, not states:
(* = incorrect)
- When I was a kid, I would ride my bike every day.
- *We would live in Bourg. (future in the past = OK, but nostalgic imperfect = njet)
- *I would know him well, but it's been a long time since I've seen him. (concession = OK, but nostalgic imperfect = njet)
- *I would believe in Santa Claus, when I was a kid.
used to V-ing. This structure is governed explicitly or implicitly by the light verbs "be" or "get". "Be" is essentially a linking verb (subject - link - predicate), as is "get", though "get" implies that the subject is effected by the predicate.
- When I came to France, I had to get used to eating cheese.
- I'm getting used to working late.
- I'm not used to going to bed so early.
- They'll have to get used to bringing their lunch.
utilise. employ. make use of.
past participle --> adjective
used is an adjective meaning "second-hand". (d'occasion)
- used car
- used books
- used Kleenex
use (n.): utilisation
derived agent: -er
user (n.) utilisateur
derived adjectival noun
- use value
- fair use value
- user name