Nelson Mandela

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  • Christine Taubira, (garde des sceaux, ministre de la Justice française), "Nelson Mandela : Rolihlahla, pour transfigurer le monde" [1]
  • "Nelson Mandela: the radical", AJE


Nelson Mandela: Le rêve d'une nation (France Culture: les Grandes Traversées)

A2 level



Apartheid / South Africa in Music


  • Youssou N'dour
  • Gil Scott Heron (Johannesburg)
  • the SWAPO singers with Robert Wyatt ("Winds of Change")
  • Alpha Blondy ("Apartheid is Nazism")
  • Peter Gabriel "Biko" (en particulier)
  • Peter Tosh (Apartheid)
  • "Sun City" (Zandt)
  • Paul Simon, Graceland, breaks the cultural embargo?
  • Bono - U2
  • Miles Davis - Amandla (power in Xhosa / Zulu)

South African

  • Miriam Makeba:
from Wikipedia:

Zenzile Miriam Makeba was born in Johannesburg on 4 March 1932. Her mother was a Swazi sangoma (traditional healer-herbalist). Her father, who died when she was six years old, was a Xhosa. When she was eighteen days old, her mother was arrested for selling umqombothi, an African homemade beer brewed from malt and cornmeal. Her mother was sentenced to a six-month prison term, so Miriam spent her first six months of life in jail.


When she tried to return to South Africa in 1960 for her mother's funeral, she discovered that her South African passport had been cancelled

Comparisons with segregation in the Southern US

Jim Crow and Apartheid

Comparisons with Indian reservations in the US

excerpt of the full report to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human rights

Comparisons with Palestine

In 1961, the South African prime minister, and the architect of South Africa's apartheid policies, Hendrik Verwoerd, dismissed an Israeli vote against South African apartheid at the United Nations, saying that "Israel is not consistent in its new anti-apartheid attitude... they took Israel away from the Arabs after the Arabs lived there for a thousand years. In that, I agree with them. Israel, like South Africa, is an apartheid state." source Wikipedia, source, Andrew James Clarno, The Empire's New Walls: Sovereignty, Neo-liberalism, and the Production of Space in Post-apartheid South Africa and Post-Oslo Palestine/Israel, 2009. p. 66-67