- 1 Verb
- 2 Noun
- 3 Discourse Marker
Sense / Meaning / Semantics
direct your gaze at / regarder
In the imperative mode, look is most often translated as regarder.
It is sometimes translated as Écoute(z)!, (see "discourse marker" below)
appear / sembler
When look is not followed by a particle or directional preposition, it is an attributive verb, often translated as avoir l'air de
- look + ADJ
- look + like + Noun / Pronoun / Sentence
- You look sleepy. tu as l'air fatigué
- It looks like a trap. ça a l'air d'être un piège
- She looks like you. Elle te ressemble // elle ressemble (plus) à toi
- They looked like they were exhausted. Ils avaient l'air d'être vannés.
Look + preposition = regarder
Except in orders (imperative mode, see above), look is followed by a preposition, most commonly "at"
- He looked at his hands. They were dirty.
- I looked at the clock and realized I was late.
- They asked me to look at this.
It is often used with other directional / situational prepositions (under, out, on, in, over, through, etc.)
- I looked in the dresser, under the bed, on the desk, everywhere. I'm sorry I couldn't find your brush. Are you sure it isn't in your bag?
- They looked out the window and across the street.
- He looked right through us, as if we weren't there.
- When you look through a telescope, close your other eye.
Look + particle = ???
- look for: chercher
- look up: rechercher
- look through: parcourir
- look over: parcourir, avoir vue sur
- look into: enquêter
- look on: être spectateur (compare to above)
- look up to: être admiratif de
- look out for: etre à l'affût de
- look back on: se rappeler qqch
- look forward to: attendre avec impatience (nb: look forward to Ving.)
conjugation / grammar / syntax
I / We / You / They...
- don't look
He / She / It / That / This ...
- doesn't look
- didn't look
- present: looking
- past:: looked [lʊkt]
Grammar / syntax
- can be intransitive (followed by nothing)
- cannot be followed directly by a conjugated verb or the verbal base
- can be followed directly by an adjective (or verbal participles)
- can be followed directly by "like" + N, Pronoun, Sentence.
- have a (quick / long / good) look at a problem
- We gave another house a look, but we didn't like it as much.
- That's a pretty cool look. I like the colors.
As mentioned above "look" is a discourse marker demanding particular attention to the speech that follows.
- Look. I'm not going. Écoute, je n'y vais pas. ( C'est tout / point barre / etc. )