Difference between revisions of "Will"

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(Created page with "==Noun== ''testament'', ''volonté'' ==Modal verb== Marks the future, and is very often reduced to the sound /<span style="color:#060">l</span>/ ===syntax & semantics=== *i...")
 
(syntax & semantics)
 
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==Modal verb==
 
==Modal verb==
Marks the future, and is very often reduced to the sound /<span style="color:#060">l</span>/
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Marks the future, and is very often reduced to the sound /'''<span style="color:#060"> əl </span>'''/ or just /'''<span style="color:#060"> l </span>'''/ in speech.
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e.g. it'll, I'll, she'll, etc..
  
 
===syntax & semantics===
 
===syntax & semantics===
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*cannot be combined with (preceded or followed by) other modal verbs or "to"
 
*cannot be combined with (preceded or followed by) other modal verbs or "to"
 
*can be followed by the verbal base / bare infinitive (or nothing)
 
*can be followed by the verbal base / bare infinitive (or nothing)
*has at least two main meanings (one "radical" (''capability''), one "epistemic" (''possibility''))  
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*has at least two main meanings (one "radical" (''volition / future''), one "epistemic" (''certainty''))  
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In the 19th century, ''shall'' was used with the 1st person singular or plural rather than ''will''.  This is no longer the case.
  
 
[[Category: 100-en]]
 
[[Category: 100-en]]

Latest revision as of 16:22, 30 March 2020

Noun

testament, volonté

Modal verb

Marks the future, and is very often reduced to the sound / əl / or just / l / in speech.

e.g. it'll, I'll, she'll, etc..

syntax & semantics

  • invariable
  • cannot be combined with (preceded or followed by) other modal verbs or "to"
  • can be followed by the verbal base / bare infinitive (or nothing)
  • has at least two main meanings (one "radical" (volition / future), one "epistemic" (certainty))
can could capability / possibility
will would future / certainty / volonté
shall should value judgement / necessity
may might authorization / probability
must logical necessity / certainty

In the 19th century, shall was used with the 1st person singular or plural rather than will. This is no longer the case.