Demonstrative Determiner / Pronoun
That is a demonstrative determiner, it allows you to explain which N you are talking about: that car, that broken cup, that one.
| this one
|| that one
| these (ones)
|| those (ones)
Subordinating conjunction / complementizer
- introduces a complementary clause
- very similar to the French word que in function if not in form. One notable exception is the comparative where English uses than and as rather than that.
- can be dropped in many (though not all) sentences. This is often noted as ø in grammar books.