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Revision as of 00:18, 11 August 2013 by WikiSysop (talk | contribs) (completely (extension))
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Some basic meanings

lack, absence, manque, panne

  • sold out, a sellout, voted out, outmoded, out of order (vending machine)
  • We ran out of gas.
  • You're out of luck.
  • Jerzy flunked out of college twice.
  • Time out (the clock stops running)

à ou vers l'extérieur

  • Go play outside, but don't stay out too long, we're eating out tonight.
  • Let's get take-out tacos and crunch in the park.
  • outbound traffic (vers l'extérieur), outbox, output
  • Get out your notebooks. get a shout out to...
  • Keep out!
  • No way! Get out of here! (Absolument pas, vas t'en!) ou en mode sit-com: "sérieux?! c'est pas vrai".

hors (de)

  • out of date
  • out of the question
  • out of order: (1) break the rules of parliamentary procedure (law, justice), (2) en panne
  • out of bounds (hors jeu)
  • Think outside of the box.
  • cast out, outcasts, outliers
  • throw STH out = jeter qqch
  • timeout. Giving a child a timeout alone in his/her room allows tempers to cool.

hors pair / peerless / dominant

  • outclass, outperform, outshout, outfox

completely (extension)

  • fill out a form. (UK = fill in)
  • the outline of a lesson plan (outline = plan)
  • Let them fight it out, we've got better things to do.
  • She lived out her life in a home in the kingdom by the sea.
  • Check this out. (sens: regarde de bien plus près, c'est curieux...)
  • The problem got sorted out. (resolved)

Souvent les verbes à particules peuvent avoir des sens radicalement différents dans différents contextes selon le sens qui prime (parmi les 5 ci-dessus, par exemple)

  • come out (sortir, paraitre, se savoir, être révélé / rendu publique)
  • give out (distribuer, (r)émettre (un prix, un subvention), lâcher, s'épuiser)
  • hold out (tendre, résister, durer)

See this blogpost for a few more examples if you're interested.

combines with other prepositions

  • without: fr sans la sine, ru bez', de ohne, ...
  • about (Old English abutan, earlier onbutan "on the outside of," from on + be "by" + utan "outside," from ut (out)). etym-online
  • throughout: à travers time or space